Destinations - Ionian Islands
The largest island of the Ionian Islands, Kefalonia (Kefallinia, Cephalonia, Kefallinia, Cefalonia) is an island of bare limestone mountains rising to 1628m in Mount Ainos.
The earliest finds of pottery point to a first settlement towards the end of the 3rd century BC. A number of Mycenaean sites have been identified, though their poverty is difficult to reconcile with the wealthy Homeric times.
In the 6th and 5yh century BC the Islands were - like Corfu - under the influence of Corinth; then in 456 BC Tolmides compelled it to submit to Athens.
At that time there were four city states on Kefallinia - Kranioi, Pale, Pronnoi and Same - which Thucydides refers to as a tetrapolis. The cities were members of the Aeolian League, and Kephallenian vessels fought against the Romans, but eventually the island fell into the power of Rome. Thereafter the islands shared the destinies of the other Ionian Islands.